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2.1 二进制文件安装

This section describes how to install Guix from a self-contained tarball providing binaries for Guix and for all its dependencies. This is often quicker than installing from source, described later (see 从 Git 构建).

Important: This section only applies to systems without Guix. Following it for existing Guix installations will overwrite important system files.

Some GNU/Linux distributions, such as Debian, Ubuntu, and openSUSE provide Guix through their own package managers. The version of Guix may be older than b345a5e but you can update it afterwards by running ‘guix pull’.

We advise system administrators who install Guix, both from the installation script or via the native package manager of their foreign distribution, to also regularly read and follow security notices, as shown by guix pull.

For Debian or derivatives such as Ubuntu or Trisquel, call:

sudo apt install guix

Likewise, on openSUSE:

sudo zypper install guix

If you are running Parabola, after enabling the pcr (Parabola Community Repo) repository, you can install Guix with:

sudo pacman -S guix

The Guix project also provides a shell script, guix-install.sh, which automates the binary installation process without use of a foreign distro package manager5. Use of guix-install.sh requires Bash, GnuPG, GNU tar, wget, and Xz.

The script guides you through the following:

As root, run:

# cd /tmp
# wget https://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/guix.git/plain/etc/guix-install.sh
# chmod +x guix-install.sh
# ./guix-install.sh

The script to install Guix is also packaged in Parabola (in the pcr repository). You can install and run it with:

sudo pacman -S guix-installer
sudo guix-install.sh

注: By default, guix-install.sh will configure Guix to download pre-built package binaries, called substitutes (see substitutes), from the project’s build farms. If you choose not to permit this, Guix will build everything from source, making each installation and upgrade very expensive. See 关于信任二进制文件 for a discussion of why you may want to build packages from source.

To use substitutes from bordeaux.guix.gnu.org, ci.guix.gnu.org or a mirror, you must authorize them. For example,

# guix archive --authorize < \
     ~root/.config/guix/current/share/guix/bordeaux.guix.gnu.org.pub
# guix archive --authorize < \
     ~root/.config/guix/current/share/guix/ci.guix.gnu.org.pub

When you’re done installing Guix, see 设置应用程序 for extra configuration you might need, and 入门 for your first steps!

注: 二进制安装包可以通过在Guix源代码树里运行下面这些命令来重现和验证:

make guix-binary.系统.tar.xz

... 这个命令会执行:

guix pack -s 系统 --localstatedir \
  --profile-name=current-guix guix

See Invoking guix pack,了解这个方便的工具。

Should you eventually want to uninstall Guix, run the same script with the --uninstall flag:

./guix-install.sh --uninstall

With --uninstall, the script irreversibly deletes all the Guix files, configuration, and services.


Footnotes

(5)

https://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/guix.git/plain/etc/guix-install.sh


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