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11.9.24 VPN-сервисы

Модуль (gnu services file-sharing) предоставляет следующие сервисы, помогающие с передачей файлов через одноранговые сети.

битовая маска

Variable: bitmask-service-type

A service type for the Bitmask VPN client. It makes the client available in the system and loads its polkit policy. Please note that the client expects an active polkit-agent, which is either run by your desktop-environment or should be run manually.

OpenVPN

It provides a client service for your machine to connect to a VPN, and a server service for your machine to host a VPN. Both openvpn-client-service-type and openvpn-server-service-type can be run simultaneously.

Variable: openvpn-client-service-type

Type of the service that runs openvpn, a VPN daemon, as a client.

The value for this service is a <openvpn-client-configuration> object.

Variable: openvpn-server-service-type

Type of the service that runs openvpn, a VPN daemon, as a server.

The value for this service is a <openvpn-server-configuration> object.

Data Type: openvpn-client-configuration

Available openvpn-client-configuration fields are:

openvpn (default: openvpn) (type: file-like)

The OpenVPN package.

pid-file (default: "/var/run/openvpn/openvpn.pid") (type: string)

The OpenVPN pid file.

proto (default: udp) (type: proto)

The protocol (UDP or TCP) used to open a channel between clients and servers.

dev (default: tun) (type: dev)

The device type used to represent the VPN connection.

ca (default: "/etc/openvpn/ca.crt") (type: maybe-string)

The certificate authority to check connections against.

cert (default: "/etc/openvpn/client.crt") (type: maybe-string)

The certificate of the machine the daemon is running on. It should be signed by the authority given in ca.

key (default: "/etc/openvpn/client.key") (type: maybe-string)

The key of the machine the daemon is running on. It must be the key whose certificate is cert.

comp-lzo? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Whether to use the lzo compression algorithm.

persist-key? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Don’t re-read key files across SIGUSR1 or –ping-restart.

persist-tun? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Don’t close and reopen TUN/TAP device or run up/down scripts across SIGUSR1 or –ping-restart restarts.

fast-io? (default: #f) (type: boolean)

(Experimental) Optimize TUN/TAP/UDP I/O writes by avoiding a call to poll/epoll/select prior to the write operation.

verbosity (default: 3) (type: number)

Verbosity level.

tls-auth (default: #f) (type: tls-auth-client)

Add an additional layer of HMAC authentication on top of the TLS control channel to protect against DoS attacks.

auth-user-pass (type: maybe-string)

Authenticate with server using username/password. The option is a file containing username/password on 2 lines. Do not use a file-like object as it would be added to the store and readable by any user.

verify-key-usage? (default: #t) (type: key-usage)

Whether to check the server certificate has server usage extension.

bind? (default: #f) (type: bind)

Bind to a specific local port number.

resolv-retry? (default: #t) (type: resolv-retry)

Retry resolving server address.

remote (default: '()) (type: openvpn-remote-list)

A list of remote servers to connect to.

Data Type: openvpn-remote-configuration

Available openvpn-remote-configuration fields are:

name (default: "my-server") (type: string)

Server name.

port (default: 1194) (type: number)

Port number the server listens to.

Data Type: openvpn-server-configuration

Available openvpn-server-configuration fields are:

openvpn (default: openvpn) (type: file-like)

The OpenVPN package.

pid-file (default: "/var/run/openvpn/openvpn.pid") (type: string)

The OpenVPN pid file.

proto (default: udp) (type: proto)

The protocol (UDP or TCP) used to open a channel between clients and servers.

dev (default: tun) (type: dev)

The device type used to represent the VPN connection.

ca (default: "/etc/openvpn/ca.crt") (type: maybe-string)

The certificate authority to check connections against.

cert (default: "/etc/openvpn/client.crt") (type: maybe-string)

The certificate of the machine the daemon is running on. It should be signed by the authority given in ca.

key (default: "/etc/openvpn/client.key") (type: maybe-string)

The key of the machine the daemon is running on. It must be the key whose certificate is cert.

comp-lzo? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Whether to use the lzo compression algorithm.

persist-key? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Don’t re-read key files across SIGUSR1 or –ping-restart.

persist-tun? (default: #t) (type: boolean)

Don’t close and reopen TUN/TAP device or run up/down scripts across SIGUSR1 or –ping-restart restarts.

fast-io? (default: #f) (type: boolean)

(Experimental) Optimize TUN/TAP/UDP I/O writes by avoiding a call to poll/epoll/select prior to the write operation.

verbosity (default: 3) (type: number)

Verbosity level.

tls-auth (default: #f) (type: tls-auth-server)

Add an additional layer of HMAC authentication on top of the TLS control channel to protect against DoS attacks.

port (default: 1194) (type: number)

Specifies the port number on which the server listens.

server (default: "10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0") (type: ip-mask)

An ip and mask specifying the subnet inside the virtual network.

server-ipv6 (default: #f) (type: cidr6)

A CIDR notation specifying the IPv6 subnet inside the virtual network.

dh (default: "/etc/openvpn/dh2048.pem") (type: string)

The Diffie-Hellman parameters file.

ifconfig-pool-persist (default: "/etc/openvpn/ipp.txt") (type: string)

The file that records client IPs.

redirect-gateway? (default: #f) (type: gateway)

When true, the server will act as a gateway for its clients.

client-to-client? (default: #f) (type: boolean)

When true, clients are allowed to talk to each other inside the VPN.

keepalive (default: (10 120)) (type: keepalive)

Causes ping-like messages to be sent back and forth over the link so that each side knows when the other side has gone down. keepalive requires a pair. The first element is the period of the ping sending, and the second element is the timeout before considering the other side down.

max-clients (default: 100) (type: number)

The maximum number of clients.

status (default: "/var/run/openvpn/status") (type: string)

The status file. This file shows a small report on current connection. It is truncated and rewritten every minute.

client-config-dir (default: '()) (type: openvpn-ccd-list)

The list of configuration for some clients.

strongSwan

Currently, the strongSwan service only provides legacy-style configuration with ipsec.conf and ipsec.secrets files.

Variable: strongswan-service-type

A service type for configuring strongSwan for IPsec VPN (Virtual Private Networking). Its value must be a strongswan-configuration record as in this example:

(service strongswan-service-type
         (strongswan-configuration
          (ipsec-conf "/etc/ipsec.conf")
          (ipsec-secrets "/etc/ipsec.secrets")))
Data Type: strongswan-configuration

Data type representing the configuration of the StrongSwan service.

strongswan

The strongSwan package to use for this service.

ipsec-conf (default: #f)

The file name of your ipsec.conf. If not #f, then this and ipsec-secrets must both be strings.

ipsec-secrets (default #f)

The file name of your ipsec.secrets. If not #f, then this and ipsec-conf must both be strings.

Wireguard

Variable: wireguard-service-type

A service type for a Wireguard tunnel interface. Its value must be a wireguard-configuration record as in this example:

(service wireguard-service-type
         (wireguard-configuration
          (peers
           (list
            (wireguard-peer
             (name "my-peer")
             (endpoint "my.wireguard.com:51820")
             (public-key "hzpKg9X1yqu1axN6iJp0mWf6BZGo8m1wteKwtTmDGF4=")
             (allowed-ips '("10.0.0.2/32")))))))
Тип данных: build-machine

Управление конфигурацией операционной системы.

wireguard

Пакет ganeti для использования в этой службе.

port (default: 22)

The interface name for the VPN.

speed (default: 1.0)

The IP addresses to be assigned to the above interface.

port (default: 51820)

The port on which to listen for incoming connections.

dns (default: '()))

The DNS server(s) to announce to VPN clients via DHCP.

monitor-ips? (default: #f)

Whether to monitor the resolved Internet addresses (IPs) of the endpoints of the configured peers, resetting the peer endpoints using an IP address that no longer correspond to their freshly resolved host name. Set this to #t if one or more endpoints use host names provided by a dynamic DNS service to keep the sessions alive.

monitor-ips-interval (default: '(next-minute (range 0 60 5)))

The time interval at which the IP monitoring job should run, provided as an mcron time specification (see (mcron)Guile Syntax).

features (default: '())

The private key file for the interface. It is automatically generated if the file does not exist.

features (default: '())

The authorized peers on this interface. This is a list of wireguard-peer records.

pre-up (default: '())

The script commands to be run before setting up the interface.

post-up (default: '())

The script commands to be run after setting up the interface.

pre-down (default: '())

The script commands to be run before tearing down the interface.

post-down (default: '())

The script commands to be run after tearing down the interface.

table (default: "auto")

The routing table to which routes are added, as a string. There are two special values: "off" that disables the creation of routes altogether, and "auto" (the default) that adds routes to the default table and enables special handling of default routes.

Тип данных: build-machine

Управление конфигурацией операционной системы.

name

Имя роли.

port (default: 22)

The optional endpoint for the peer, such as "demo.wireguard.com:51820".

public-key

The peer public-key represented as a base64 string.

preshared-key (default: #f)

An optional pre-shared key file for this peer. The given file will not be autogenerated.

allowed-ips

A list of IP addresses from which incoming traffic for this peer is allowed and to which incoming traffic for this peer is directed.

speed (default: 1.0)

An optional time interval in seconds. A packet will be sent to the server endpoint once per time interval. This helps receiving incoming connections from this peer when you are behind a NAT or a firewall.


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