(gnu services databases) module provides the following services.
The following example describes a PostgreSQL service with the default configuration.
(service postgresql-service-type (postgresql-configuration (postgresql postgresql-10)))
If the services fails to start, it may be due to an incompatible cluster already present in data-directory. Adjust it (or, if you don’t need the cluster anymore, delete data-directory), then restart the service.
Peer authentication is used by default and the
postgres user account
has no shell, which prevents the direct execution of
psql commands as
this user. To use
psql, you can temporarily log in as
postgres using a shell, create a PostgreSQL superuser with the same
name as one of the system users and then create the associated database.
sudo -u postgres -s /bin/sh createuser --interactive createdb $MY_USER_LOGIN # Replace appropriately.
Data type representing the configuration for the
PostgreSQL package to use for the service.
Port on which PostgreSQL should listen.
Locale to use as the default when creating the database cluster.
The configuration file to use when running PostgreSQL. The default behaviour uses the postgresql-config-file record with the default values for the fields.
The directory where
pg_ctl output will be written in a file named
"pg_ctl.log". This file can be useful to debug PostgreSQL
configuration errors for instance.
Directory in which to store the data.
Additional extensions are loaded from packages listed in
extension-packages. Extensions are available at runtime. For
instance, to create a geographic database using the
extension, a user can configure the postgresql-service as in this example:
(use-package-modules databases geo) (operating-system ... ;; postgresql is required to run `psql' but postgis is not required for ;; proper operation. (packages (cons* postgresql %base-packages)) (services (cons* (service postgresql-service-type (postgresql-configuration (postgresql postgresql-10) (extension-packages (list postgis)))) %base-services)))
Then the extension becomes visible and you can initialise an empty geographic database in this way:
psql -U postgres > create database postgistest; > \connect postgistest; > create extension postgis; > create extension postgis_topology;
There is no need to add this field for contrib extensions such as hstore or dblink as they are already loadable by postgresql. This field is only required to add extensions provided by other packages.
Whether or not the
postgres user and group should be created.
Explicitly specify the UID of the
postgres daemon account. You
normally do not need to specify this, in which case a free UID will be
One situation where this option might be useful is if the data-directory is located on a mounted network share.
Explicitly specify the GID of the
Data type representing the PostgreSQL configuration file. As shown in the following example, this can be used to customize the configuration of PostgreSQL. Note that you can use any G-expression or filename in place of this record, if you already have a configuration file you’d like to use for example.
(service postgresql-service-type (postgresql-configuration (config-file (postgresql-config-file (log-destination "stderr") (hba-file (plain-file "pg_hba.conf" " local all all trust host all all 127.0.0.1/32 md5 host all all ::1/128 md5")) (extra-config '(("session_preload_libraries" "auto_explain") ("random_page_cost" 2) ("auto_explain.log_min_duration" "100 ms") ("work_mem" "500 MB") ("logging_collector" #t) ("log_directory" "/var/log/postgresql")))))))
The logging method to use for PostgreSQL. Multiple values are accepted, separated by commas.
Filename or G-expression for the host-based authentication configuration.
Filename or G-expression for the user name mapping configuration.
Specifies the directory of the Unix-domain socket(s) on which PostgreSQL is
to listen for connections from client applications. If set to
PostgreSQL does not listen on any Unix-domain sockets, in which case only
TCP/IP sockets can be used to connect to the server.
By default, the
#false value means the PostgreSQL default value will
be used, which is currently ‘/tmp’.
List of additional keys and values to include in the PostgreSQL config file. Each entry in the list should be a list where the first element is the key, and the remaining elements are the values.
The values can be numbers, booleans or strings and will be mapped to
PostgreSQL parameters types
Numeric with Unit and
This service allows to create PostgreSQL roles and databases after PostgreSQL service start. Here is an example of its use.
(service postgresql-role-service-type (postgresql-role-configuration (roles (list (postgresql-role (name "test") (create-database? #t))))))
This service can be extended with extra roles, as in this example:
(service-extension postgresql-role-service-type (const (postgresql-role (name "alice") (create-database? #t))))
PostgreSQL manages database access permissions using the concept of roles. A role can be thought of as either a database user, or a group of database users, depending on how the role is set up. Roles can own database objects (for example, tables) and can assign privileges on those objects to other roles to control who has access to which objects.
The role name.
The role permissions list. Supported permissions are
whether to create a database with the same name as the role.
The character set to use for storing text in the database.
The string sort order locale setting.
The character classification locale setting.
The default template to copy the new database from when creating it. Use
"template0" for a pristine database with no system-local
Data type representing the configuration of postgresql-role-service-type.
The PostgreSQL host to connect to.
File name of the log file.
The initial PostgreSQL roles to create.
This is the service type for a MySQL or MariaDB database server. Its value
mysql-configuration object that specifies which package to use,
as well as various settings for the
Data type representing the configuration of mysql-service-type.
Package object of the MySQL database server, can be either mariadb or mysql.
For MySQL, a temporary root password will be displayed at activation time. For MariaDB, the root password is empty.
The IP on which to listen for network connections. Use
bind to all available network interfaces.
TCP port on which the database server listens for incoming connections.
Socket file to use for local (non-network) connections.
Additional settings for the my.cnf configuration file.
List of environment variables passed to the
Whether to automatically run
mysql_upgrade after starting the
service. This is necessary to upgrade the system schema after
“major” updates (such as switching from MariaDB 10.4 to 10.5), but can be
disabled if you would rather do that manually.
This is the service type for the Memcached
service, which provides a distributed in memory cache. The value for the
service type is a
Data type representing the configuration of memcached.
The Memcached package to use.
Network interfaces on which to listen.
Port on which to accept connections.
Port on which to accept UDP connections on, a value of 0 will disable listening on a UDP socket.
Additional command line options to pass to
This is the service type for the Redis key/value
store, whose value is a
Data type representing the configuration of redis.
The Redis package to use.
Network interface on which to listen.
Port on which to accept connections on, a value of 0 will disable listening on a TCP socket.
Directory in which to store the database and related files.