From a programming viewpoint, the package definitions of the GNU
distribution are provided by Guile modules in the
…) name space19
(see Guile modules in GNU Guile Reference Manual). For
(gnu packages emacs) module exports a variable named
emacs, which is bound to a
<package> object (see 定义软件包).
(gnu packages …) module name space is automatically scanned
for packages by the command-line tools. For instance, when running
guix install emacs, all the
(gnu packages …) modules are
scanned until one that exports a package object whose name is
is found. This package search facility is implemented in the
Users can store package definitions in modules with different names—e.g.,
(my-packages emacs)20. There are two ways to make these package definitions visible to
the user interfaces:
guix packageand other commands (see 普通的构建选项), or by setting the
GUIX_PACKAGE_PATHenvironment variable described below.
guix pullso that it pulls from it. A channel is essentially a Git repository containing package modules. See 通道, for more information on how to define and use channels.
GUIX_PACKAGE_PATH works similarly to other search path variables:
This is a colon-separated list of directories to search for additional package modules. Directories listed in this variable take precedence over the own modules of the distribution.
The distribution is fully bootstrapped and self-contained: each
package is built based solely on other packages in the distribution. The
root of this dependency graph is a small set of bootstrap binaries,
provided by the
(gnu packages bootstrap) module. For more
information on bootstrapping, see 引导.
Note that packages under the
packages …) module name space are not necessarily “GNU packages”.
This module naming scheme follows the usual Guile module naming convention:
gnu means that these modules are distributed as part of the GNU
packages identifies modules that define packages.
Note that the file name and module name
must match. For instance, the
(my-packages emacs) module must be
stored in a my-packages/emacs.scm file relative to the load path
specified with --load-path or
See Modules and the File System in GNU Guile Reference Manual, for