stress 1.0.5 Impose load on and stress test a computer system

Stress is a tool that imposes a configurable amount of CPU, memory, I/O, or disk stress on a POSIX-compliant operating system and reports any errors it detects.

Stress is not a benchmark. It is a tool used by system administrators to evaluate how well their systems will scale, by kernel programmers to evaluate perceived performance characteristics, and by systems programmers to expose the classes of bugs which only or more frequently manifest themselves when the system is under heavy load.