For frequent contributors, having write access to the repository is convenient. When you deem it necessary, consider applying for commit access by following these steps:
Committers are expected to have had some interactions with you as a contributor and to be able to judge whether you are sufficiently familiar with the project’s practices. It is not a judgment on the value of your work, so a refusal should rather be interpreted as “let’s try again later”.
Set up GnuPG such that it never uses the SHA1 hash algorithm for digital signatures, which is known to be unsafe since 2019, for instance by adding the following line to ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf (see GPG Esoteric Options in The GNU Privacy Guard Manual):
Important: Before you can push for the first time, maintainers must:
- add your OpenPGP key to the
- add your OpenPGP fingerprint to the .guix-authorizations file of the branch(es) you will commit to.
注: Maintainers are happy to give commit access to people who have been contributing for some time and have a track record—don’t be shy and don’t underestimate your work!
However, note that the project is working towards a more automated patch review and merging system, which, as a consequence, may lead us to have fewer people with commit access to the main repository. Stay tuned!
If you get commit access, please make sure to follow the policy below (discussions of the policy can take place on firstname.lastname@example.org).
Non-trivial patches should always be posted to email@example.com (trivial patches include fixing typos, etc.). This mailing list fills the patch-tracking database (see Tracking Bugs and Patches).
For patches that just add a new package, and a simple one, it’s OK to
commit, if you’re confident (which means you successfully built it in a
chroot setup, and have done a reasonable copyright and license auditing).
Likewise for package upgrades, except upgrades that trigger a lot of
rebuilds (for example, upgrading GnuTLS or GLib). We have a mailing list
for commit notifications (firstname.lastname@example.org), so people can
notice. Before pushing your changes, make sure to run
All commits that are pushed to the central repository on Savannah must be
signed with an OpenPGP key, and the public key should be uploaded to your
user account on Savannah and to public key servers, such as
keys.openpgp.org. To configure Git to automatically sign commits,
git config commit.gpgsign true git config user.signingkey CABBA6EA1DC0FF33
You can prevent yourself from accidentally pushing unsigned commits to Savannah by using the pre-push Git hook called located at etc/git/pre-push:
cp etc/git/pre-push .git/hooks/pre-push
When pushing a commit on behalf of somebody else, please add a
Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit log message—e.g., with
git am --signoff. This improves tracking of who did what.
When adding channel news entries (see Writing Channel News), make sure they are well-formed by running the following command right before pushing:
For anything else, please post to email@example.com and leave time for a review, without committing anything (see 提交补丁). If you didn’t receive any reply after two weeks, and if you’re confident, it’s OK to commit.
That last part is subject to being adjusted, allowing individuals to commit directly on non-controversial changes on parts they’re familiar with.
In order to reduce the possibility of mistakes, committers will have their Savannah account removed from the Guix Savannah project and their key removed from .guix-authorizations after 12 months of inactivity; they can ask to regain commit access by emailing the maintainers, without going through the vouching process.
One last thing: the project keeps moving forward because committers not only push their own awesome changes, but also offer some of their time reviewing and pushing other people’s changes. As a committer, you’re welcome to use your expertise and commit rights to help other contributors, too!